Heathrow has announced it has become one of the world’s first major aviation hubs to become carbon neutral for its infrastructure, and the first to target zero carbon by the mid-2030s.
Following investment of over £100m in improving its energy efficiency and generating and purchasing renewable energy, Heathrow claims it has reduced carbon emissions from airport buildings and infrastructure by 93% compared to 1990.
The remaining 7% of airport infrastructure emissions, including those from heating, will now be offset through tree planting projects in Indonesia and Mexico certified through the Verified Carbon Standard.
The airport says that offsetting will be an interim measure to reduce carbon emissions today, while Heathrow works towards becoming a zero carbon airport. Contributing to further carbon savings, this year Heathrow says it will be focused on ramping up improvements to sustainable transport links and ensuring it meets its target to transition all of Heathrow’s cars and small vans to electric and plug-in hybrid.
The airport has also announced a further £1.8m investment for 2020 to kick-start UK nature-based carbon saving projects.
The additional investment from the airport will help to kick-start the restoration of natural UK carbon sinks - including peatlands, woodlands and farming soils - which have been estimated by the Committee on Climate Change to have the ability to help save 43 mega tonnes of carbon annually by 2050, if significant investments are made.
Heathrow acknowledges it can’t create this saving alone, and says it will use its position to encourage others within the aviation industry to invest in similar initiatives up and down the country.
At Ledmore near Ullapool in Scotland, a new native woodland creation project will be the first to receive new funding from Heathrow. In partnership with Forest Carbon, the project will cover 87.4 hectares and will help explore opportunities for woodlands to deliver effective UK carbon offsetting alongside a range of other benefits including biodiversity and better soil and water quality.
Ledmore adds to an existing portfolio of natural carbon capture projects Heathrow has supported since 2018, worth over £270,000. These include a regenerative farming pilot project near Dundee, the restoration of Little Woolden Moss peatland, west of Manchester; and the planting of new woodlands at Henry’s Wood in Carmarthenshire, Wales.
The airport hopes to use some of these projects to offset a small amount of its hard-to-tackle emissions over the next few years and show that UK natural climate solutions would make good options for CORSIA commitments - an international agreement to deliver carbon neutral growth in aviation from 2020.
John Holland-Kaye, Heathrow chief executive, said: “Making our infrastructure entirely carbon neutral is a significant milestone and a testament to the determination of our airport to help spearhead a new era of sustainable aviation. Our sights are now set on working with the global aviation industry to deliver on net-zero by 2050, at the latest. We can and will cut the environmental cost of flying whilst keeping the benefits of travel for future generations.”