The Environment Agency has called for prison sentences for water company chief executives and board members whose companies are responsible for causing serious environmental damage, and that company directors should be struck off so they cannot move on in their careers after illegal environmental damage.
The calls came as the Environment Agency released its annual report on the environmental performance of England’s nine water and sewerage companies.
The report shows that overall in 2021, the performance of the companies fell to the lowest level seen under the Environmental Performance Assessment (EPA). Measured against the agency’s 4-star rating, most of the companies’ performance declined. Despite continuing enforcement action against those breaching environmental laws, water companies remain undeterred by the penalties currently being issued by the courts.
Southern Water and South West Water were given just a 1-star rating, while four companies were rated only 2 stars - meaning they require significant improvement.
Northumbrian Water, Severn Trent Water and United Utilities performed more positively and maintained 4 stars.
Following a regular 5-yearly review of the EPA process, the Environment Agency has deliberately tightened its metrics to set stretching targets that will push companies to meet regulatory requirements and EA expectations. Not only did most companies fail to meet these new higher standards, most of them saw their performance deteriorate against the previous standards.
The latest EPA shows:
- The sector’s performance on pollution was much worse than previous years.
- Southern Water and South West Water were rated as 1 star.
- Three companies (Northumbrian Water, Severn Trent Water and United Utilities) maintained 4 stars, although certain improvements are still required.
- Seven water companies had an increase in serious incidents compared to 2020. In total there were 62 serious incidents for 2021 – the highest since 2013.
- There has also been no overall improvement for several years in total incident numbers or compliance with conditions for discharging treated wastewater.
Emma Howard Boyd, chair of the Environment Agency, said: “It’s appalling that water companies’ performance on pollution has hit a new low. Water quality won’t improve until water companies get a grip on their operational performance. For years people have seen executives and investors handsomely rewarded while the environment pays the price.
“Company directors let this happen. We plan to make it too painful for them to continue like this. The amount a company can be fined for environmental crimes is unlimited but fines currently handed down by the courts often amount to less than a chief executive’s salary. We need courts to impose much higher fines. Investors should no longer see England’s water monopolies as a one-way bet.”
In response to its annual EPA report, the Environment Agency is calling for:
- Courts to impose much higher fines for serious and deliberate pollution incidents – although the amount a company can be fined for environmental crimes is unlimited, the fines currently handed down by the courts often amount to less than a chief executive’s salary.
- Prison sentences for chief executives and board members whose companies are responsible for the most serious incidents
- Company directors struck off so they cannot simply move on in their careers after illegal environmental damage
A Defra spokesperson said: “This report shows that water companies are ignoring their legal responsibilities. Water company chiefs cannot continue to make huge profits whilst polluting our waters.
“We will not tolerate this behaviour and we will take robust action if we don’t see urgent improvements. We are the first government to set out our expectation that water companies must take steps to significantly reduce storm overflows and earlier this year we consulted on a comprehensive plan to tackle the adverse impact of discharges from storm overflows.”